|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2019
|Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]|
Note 12 – Income Taxes
The components of income before (benefit) provision for income taxes were as follows (in thousands):
The components of the Company’s (benefit) provision for income taxes were as follows (in thousands):
The Company’s effective tax rate differs from the statutory rates as follows:
The income tax effects of temporary differences that give rise to significant portions of deferred tax assets and liabilities are as follows (in thousands):
As of December 31, 2019, the Company has federal net operating loss (“NOL”) carryforwards of $13.9 million. The Company has various state NOL carryforwards. The determination of the state NOL carryforwards is dependent upon apportionment percentages and state laws that can change from year to year and impact the amount of such carryforwards. The federal and state NOLs will expire at various dates from 2035 to 2037.
As of December 31, 2018, the Company had a valuation allowance of approximately $10.8 million against its deferred tax assets. As of December 31, 2019, the Company released approximately $10.3 million of the valuation allowance based on an assessment of the realizability of its deferred tax assets, resulting in a benefit for income taxes for the year ended December 31, 2019. The remaining valuation allowance of $0.5 million relates to foreign tax credits the Company does not expect to utilize as a result of generating income in a jurisdiction with a higher income tax rate than the U.S. The 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("TCJA") lowered the U.S. corporate income tax from 35% to 21%.
Uncertain tax positions
The following table summarizes the activity related to the Company’s uncertain tax positions (in thousands):
The Company is subject to income taxes in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, and the various states and local jurisdictions in which it operates. Tax regulations within each jurisdiction are subject to the interpretation of the related tax laws and regulations and require significant judgment to apply. The Company’s federal tax filings remain subject to examination for federal tax years 2016 through 2018. The IRS conducted an examination into tax year 2015 and did not propose any changes. The Company’s state and local tax filings remain subject to examination for tax years 2016 through 2018. NOL carryforwards are subject to examination regardless of whether the tax year in which they are generated has been closed by statute. The amount subject to disallowance is limited to the NOL utilized. Accordingly, the Company may be subject to examination for prior NOL’s generated as such NOL’s are utilized.
The Company’s foreign income tax returns prior to fiscal year 2016 are closed and management continually evaluates expiring statutes of limitations, audits, proposed settlements, changes in tax law and new authoritative rulings.
2017 Tax Act
In December 2017, the President signed the TCJA, which includes a broad range of provisions. Changes in tax law are accounted for in the period of enactment, and as a result, the 2017 consolidated financial statements reflected the immediate tax effect of the TCJA. The TCJA contains several key provisions including:
The entire disclosure for income taxes. Disclosures may include net deferred tax liability or asset recognized in an enterprise's statement of financial position, net change during the year in the total valuation allowance, approximate tax effect of each type of temporary difference and carryforward that gives rise to a significant portion of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets, utilization of a tax carryback, and tax uncertainties information.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef