Summary of Business and Significant Accounting Policies
|6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
|Summary of Business and Significant Accounting Policies
|Summary of Business and Significant Accounting Policies
Note 1 – Summary of Business and Significant Accounting Policies
Summary of Business
The ONE Group Hospitality, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) is a global hospitality company that develops, owns and operates, manages and licenses upscale and polished casual, high-energy restaurants and lounges and provides turn-key food and beverage (“F&B”) services for hospitality venues including hotels, casinos and other high-end locations. Turn-key F&B services are food and beverage services that can be scaled, customized and implemented by the Company for the client at a particular hospitality venue. The Company’s primary restaurant brands are STK, a multi-unit steakhouse concept that combines a high-energy, social atmosphere with the quality and service of a traditional upscale steakhouse, and Kona Grill, a bar-centric grill concept featuring American favorites, award-winning sushi, and specialty cocktails in a polished casual atmosphere.
As of June 30, 2020, the Company owned, operated, managed or licensed 55 venues, including 20 STKs and 24 Kona Grills in major metropolitan cities in North America, Europe and the Middle East and 11 F&B venues including 10 in five hotels and casinos in the United States and Europe.
On October 4, 2019, the Company acquired substantially all of the assets of Kona Grill Inc. and its affiliates (“Kona Grill”), which was composed of 24 domestic restaurants. The Company purchased the assets for a contractual price of $25.0 million plus approximately $1.5 million of consideration paid primarily for the apportionment of rent and utilities. The Company also assumed approximately $7.7 million in current liabilities. The Company continues to integrate Kona Grill by leveraging its corporate infrastructure, bar-business knowledge and unique Vibe Dining program, to elevate the brand experience and drive improved performance. The results of operations of these restaurants are included in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition.
The following pro forma results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 have been prepared as though the acquisition occurred as of January 1, 2019. The pro forma financial information is not indicative of the results of operations that the Company would have attained had the acquisition occurred at the beginning of the periods presented, nor is the pro forma financial information indicative of the results of operations that may occur in the future. Amounts are in thousands, except earnings per share data.
The novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic has significantly impacted the Company’s business, and public concerns about the spread of COVID-19 continue to be widespread. The Company experienced a significant reduction in guest traffic at its restaurants as a result of restrictions mandated by state and local governments and temporary closure of several restaurants and the shift in operations to provide only take-out and delivery service. Starting in May 2020, state and local governments began easing restrictions on stay-at-home orders and certain Company restaurants were allowed to open for outdoor dining or in-person dining with seating capacity restrictions, which resulted in increased revenues in May and June compared to April 2020.
In response to these conditions, and out of concern for its customers and partners, the Company has implemented enhanced safety measures and sanitation procedures to allow for in-person dining at its restaurants. The Company incurred $0.7 million and $2.0 million of costs related to COVID-19 in the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, composed primarily of payments to employees for paid-time off during restaurant closures, inventory waste, rent and rent related costs for closed and limited-operations restaurants from the day the dining room closed, sanitation supplies and safety precautions taken to prevent the spread of COVID-19. The Company has also implemented measures to reduce its costs during the COVID-19 pandemic, including the furlough of employees, deferral of capital projects, and negotiations with suppliers and landlords regarding deferral or abatement of payments which could become significant.
Given the ongoing uncertainty surrounding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company cannot reasonably predict when its restaurants will be able to return to normal dining room operations. The Company expects that its results of operations will be materially and negatively affected by COVID-19 for the remainder of 2020. The Company’s resumption of normal dining operations is subject to events beyond its control, including the effectiveness of governmental efforts to halt the spread of COVID-19.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2019, which has been derived from audited financial statements, and the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual audited financial statements have been omitted pursuant to SEC rules and regulations. These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
In the Company’s opinion, the accompanying unaudited interim financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring accruals and adjustments) necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods presented. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full year. Additionally, the Company believes that the disclosures are sufficient for interim financial reporting purposes.
Prior Period Reclassifications
Certain reclassifications of the 2019 financial statements amounts have been made to conform to the current year presentation. The Company has combined owned restaurant net revenues and owned food, beverage and other net revenues to be presented in total as owned restaurant net revenue. Additionally, the Company reclassified $0.4 million and $0.9 million of owned food, beverage and other expenses to owned restaurant cost of sales and $1.8 million and $3.6 million of owned food, beverage and other expenses to owned restaurant expenses on the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive (loss) income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively. Certain reclassifications were also made to conform the prior period segment reporting to the current year segment presentation. Refer to Note 13 – Segment Reporting for additional information regarding the Company’s reportable operating segments.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2020, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants in conjunction with the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) developed Technical Question and Answer (“TQA”) 3200.18, “Borrower Accounting for a Forgivable Loan Received Under the Small Business Administration Paycheck Protection Program”, which is intended to provide clarification on how to account for loans received from the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”). TQA 3200.18 states that an entity may account for PPP loans under ASC 470, “Debt” or, if the entity is expected to meet PPP eligibility criteria and the PPP loan is expected to be forgiven, the entity may account for the loans under IAS 20, “Accounting for Government Grants and Disclosure of Government Assistance”. The Company has elected to account for PPP loan proceeds under ASC 470 as allowed by TQA 3200.18.
In December 2019, FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2019-12, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes,” (“ASU 2019-12”) which is intended to simplify various aspects related to accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions to the general principles in Accounting Standard Codification Topic 740, Income Taxes, and it clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application. ASU 2019-12 is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company is evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU 2019-12 on its financial statements but does not expect the adoption of ASU 2019-12 to be material.
In October 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018‑17, “Consolidation (Topic 810): Targeted Improvements to Related Party Guidance for Variable Interest Entities” (“ASU 2018‑17”). ASU 2018‑17 states that indirect interests held through related parties in common control arrangements should be considered on a proportional basis to determine whether fees paid to decision makers and service providers are variable interests. This is consistent with how indirect interests held through related parties under common control are considered for determining whether a reporting entity must consolidate a variable interest entity. ASU 2018‑17 is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. Entities are required to adopt the new guidance retrospectively with a cumulative adjustment to retained earnings at the beginning of the earliest period presented. The adoption of ASU 2018-17 did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018‑15, “Intangibles – Goodwill and Other – Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350‑40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement that is a Service Contract” (“ASU 2018‑15”). ASU 2018‑15 aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs in cloud computing arrangements with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software. ASU 2018‑15 is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. Entities can choose to adopt the new guidance prospectively or retrospectively. The adoption of ASU 2018-15 did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018‑13, “Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement” (“ASU 2018‑13”). ASU 2018‑13 eliminates, modifies and adds disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. The amendments in ASU 2018‑13 are effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of ASU 2018-3 did not have a material impact on the Company’s disclosures of fair value measurement, which are included in Note 6 – Fair Value of Financial Instruments.